To travel back in time is to exceed the speed of light, and to exceed the speed of light is to travel back in time.
Let us work within the framework of the theory of special relativity,
and call the speed of light
To say that an object exceeds the speed of light is to say that it is
present at two events which are space-like separated. So if the
distance between the events is
d and the time elapsed
between the events is
d > ct.
Now suppose that an observer is moving with a velocity
relative to the observer who declared the object to have exceeded the
speed of light, such that
c2t/d < v < c
The existence of such a velocity follows from the fact that
d > ct.
Using the Lorentz transformation, we can see that according to this
second observer the elapsed time between the events will be,
γt - γvd/c2 = γd/c2(c2t/d - v) < 0
Thus there is a frame of reference moving subluminally with respect to the first and according to which the object travelled back in time.